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Advanced Soft Tissue Release®(ASTR®)

Advanced Soft Tissue Release® (ASTR) is a state of the art, manual therapy technique (patent pending),  created by Doctor Joseph Jacobs (doctor of physical therapy). ASTR® is a very gentle manual technique that has a positive effect on the neuromuscular and musculoskeletal systems in the body through utilizing the clinician's hands, ASTR's Tools (patent pending), and special exercise programs and protocols to relieve soft tissue pain and impairments. ASTR® is a systematic approach to evaluate and treat soft tissue pain and impairment associated with temporomandibular joint (TMJ) disorder (Jaw Pain), headaches, muscle pain, joint pain, trigger points, myofascial restriction, and soft tissue fibrosis (scar tissue).

There are two approaches to treat soft tissue pain: one is to treat the symptoms using heat/cold pack, electric stimulation, massage and/or pain medication. Patients usually experience temporary pain relief with these modalities. The second approach is to address the source of the problem using ASTR®.  ASTR’s evaluation is focused on finding the source of the problem, in order to provide long-term relief.

ASTR® is a comprehensive technique that addresses the majority of soft tissue problems. The following are the systems/dysfunctions that are evaluated and treated with ASTR®:

1. Soft Tissue Fibrosis (Scar Tissue):

Soft Tissue Fibrosis can cause excessive pressure on the muscles, blood vessels, nerves, bones and organs.  Excessive pressure can cause pain and may decrease joint range of motion. ASTR's Tools are very valuable and effective tools that can easily release soft tissue adhesion quickly, without causing pain. ASTR® Tools are very valuable and effective tools that can easily release soft tissue adhesions quickly, without causing pain.

2. Myofascial - Fascia Restriction:

Fascia is strong connective tissue, similar to a spiderman suit, that wraps the entire body, including muscles and organs from head to toe. Myofascial or Fascia can lose its elasticity and may become restricted as a result of the following: accidents, traumas, surgeries, scar tissue, stress, poor posture and poor body mechanics. When Fascia loses its elasticity, it can cause excessive pressure on the muscles, blood vessels, nerves, bones and organs. 

Excessive pressure can cause pain and may decrease joint range of motion. From clinical findings, fascia symptoms often mimic nerve symptoms. Patients often complain of roundish pain/ numbness/ tingling/ soreness/ tightness that doesn’t correlate with normal nerve distribution. Some patients say it feels like a band that surrounds the body part. Unfortunately, fascia restriction does not show up in any of the current, standard tests such as: CAT scan, x-ray, electromyography, myelograms, PET scan, etc. Dr. Jacobs developed the Myofascial/ Fascia ScaleTM, in order to help clinicians have an objective measure to assess fascia restriction. ASTR® Tools are very valuable and effective tools that can easily release myofascial restrictions quickly, without causing pain.

3. Hypertonicity & Trigger Points: 

Travell & Simons’ state that trigger points are palpable contracted knots in the muscle’s tissue. The presence of trigger points in the muscle might cause pain and muscle shortening (muscle tension), which Doctor Jacobs calls muscle hypertonicity. Hypertonicity is an excessive muscle tone when compared to the normal feeling of muscle with palpitation while the muscle is in a resting position. ASTR® is considered a neuromuscular re-education technique. ASTR® technique stimulates the nervous system by stimulating the Golgi Tendon Organs, (GTO’s) which decreases muscle hypertonicity and releases trigger points.

Golgi Tendon Organs (GTO's)

ASTR® addresses many systems in the body; one of them being the Golgi Tendon Organs (GTO’s).  Every muscle has many sensory receptors called Golgi Tendon Organs (GTO’s).  The GTO’s are located near the muscle tendon junction.  The GTO’s function is to decrease muscle tension and promote muscle relaxation.  In addition to GTO’s, each muscle has neurons called alpha motornerurons which stimulate muscle activity and increase muscle tension.  When the muscle becomes tense, the GTO’s fire to prevent the alpha motoneurons from stimulating the muscle, which in turn decreases muscle tension (muscle hypertonicity), releases trigger points and promotes relaxation.  The two work to balance muscle activity.  Another way to look at this is to imagine that the muscle has two switches. One switch (alpha motorneurons) turns the muscle on and the other switch (GTO’s) turns the muscle off.

For example, if a person sits hunched over his/her computer every day for hours, the alpha motorneuron switch is continually on and their nervous system adapts to their improper posture, which continually stimulates the alpha motorneurons and causes soft tissue pain, muscle strain, excessive scar tissue, increased muscle tension, trigger points, fascia restriction, and/or limited range of motion. ASTR® stimulates the GTO’s, in order to release muscle tension, hypertonicity, soft tissue pain, and trigger points. 

4. Joint Displacement (Joint out of normal alignment): 

Each Joint has normal joint movement and alignment in our body. Joint displacement is a change in normal joint alignment. Please note that this is not related to joint dislocation. Joint displacement is a very common source of pain for many people and can cause stress and pain to most of the surrounding tissue structures such as: muscle, ligaments, tendons, nerves, arteries, etc.  

The majority of joint displacement happens as a result of restriction (tightness) in the soft tissue, which causes the joint to get out of normal alignment.  Currently, practitioners use joint mobilization and manipulation to align the joint, instead of addressing the real problem, which is soft tissue restriction. This approach requires patients to see their practitioner on a regular basis because the source of the problem is not being addressed.

The traditional approach to therapy can become very costly and only provides temporarily pain relief. On the other hand, ASTR® is a technique that evaluates soft tissue dysfunction, which is oftentimes the source of the problem. By using gentle maneuvers, which release the soft tissue restriction, the joint usually gets back to normal alignment within the same session of the treatment. The result is long-term because it addresses the source of the problem; instead of simply focusing on the symptoms.

How is ASTR®Performed :

1. ASTR®Tools :

ASTR®Tools are revolutionary tools, created by Doctor Jacobs to help clinicians release soft tissue adhesions/ myofascial restrictions and hypertonicity in a matter of seconds. He created these tools, in order to quickly release soft tissue impairments and decrease the stress on clinician’s hands. ASTR®Tools can quickly and effectively release myofascial restriction and scar tissue compared to using one’s hands.

2. Clinican Hands:

ASTR® Clinician uses a variety of ways to decrease muscle hypertonicity and trigger points such as: muscle contraction, passive range of motion, reciprocal inhibition, finger vibration, muscle/ tendon gliding, pressure points release. Dr Jacobs created more than 125 different maneuvers and specific protocols for each soft tissue dysfunction, which relieves pain and releases soft tissue dysfunctions in just a few sessions.

3. Special exercise programs and protocols:

Doctor Jacobs has developed a special combination of exercise protocols for each dysfunction. These exercises are used in order to balance the muscles that have been effected by the dysfunction in order to return patients to full function. 

 Doctor Jacobs created the following scales to help clinicians have an objective assessment for soft tissue impairments. 

  • Fascia ScaleTM
  • Trigger Point ScaleTM
  • Hypertonicity ScaleTM
  • Fibrosis (Scar) ScaleTM

 

To read case studies, click here

To read client's testimonials, click here

ASTR® Treats:

 

 

ASTR®Treatment Outcomes:

 
  • Relieves Muscle Pain
  • Relieves Headaches
  • Promotes Muscle Relaxation
  • Increases Flexibility
  • Decreases Fascia Restriction
  • Relieves Trigger Points
  • Decreases Scar Tissue
  • Increases Muscle Strength
  • Increases Circulation
  • Increases Range of Motion
In general, ASTR® helps relieve soft tissue pain and decreases symptoms associated with, but not limited to, the following diagnoses: neck pain, back pain, hip pain, knee pain, ankle pain, shoulder pain, elbow pain, wrist pain, hand pain, trigger points, tension (cerviogenic) headaches,  post surgery pain, chronic pain syndrome, lumbar stenosis, bursitis, tendonitis, ligament sprains, muscle strains, spondylosis, degenerative disc disease, degenerative joint disease, acute pain, arthritis, rheumatoid arthritis, plantar fasciitis, osteoarthritis, chronic pain, facet joints syndrome, muscle tightness, increased muscle tension, epicondyliltis, soft tissue pain, motor vehicle accident pain, fibromyalgia, TMJ capsule locking (catching), and TMJ pain.
 
 
 
  • This newborn came in unable to move his neck from the side position. He suffered from torticollis, severe neck and back spasms. After just 1 ASTR treatment, he had complete range of motion.

  • Patient came in unable to move his neck from the side position. After 3 ASTR treatments, he regained full range of motion.

  • This young gymnast came in unable to do the splits. After just 1 ASTR treatment, she had full range of motion.

Healthcare Provider Reviews Advanced Soft Tissue Release (ASTR)
Healthcare Provider Reviews Advanced Soft Tissue Release (ASTR)

Find out how you can learn to apply ASTR and become an Advanced Soft Tissue Release specialist https://advancedsofttissuerelease.com/ With a desire to learn and apply a new technique towards pain management, Tunisia recently underwent an Advance Soft Tissue Release (ASTR) course to become an Adva...

Dr. Wat Chiropractor Advanced Soft Tissue Release Review
Dr. Wat Chiropractor Advanced Soft Tissue Release Review

Find about what chiropractor is saying about ASTR class and treatment https://advancedsofttissuerelease.com/ Gary, a chiropractor who has been practicing for over 15 years came in to explore what ASTR treatment was all about. He was highly pleased with the knowledge he acquired through taking ASTR ...

Physical Therapist ASTR Review
Physical Therapist ASTR Review

Physical Therapist ASTR Review https://advancedsofttissuerelease.com/ Sherwin, a physical therapist who has been practicing for 15 years came in to take the ASTR class after being told about it from a friend. He mentioned about how he had trigger fingers himself and after going through ASTR treatme...

Dr. Nia (Chiropractor) Advanced Soft Tissue Release Review
Dr. Nia (Chiropractor) Advanced Soft Tissue Release Review

Find out what chiropractor is saying about ASTR class and treatment https://advancedsofttissuerelease.com/ For the last 28 years Dr. Nia has been a practicing chiropractor. He mainly used chiropractic manipulation on his patients. He first heard about ASTR from watching videos on youtube and seeing...

Physical Therapist ASTR Review
Physical Therapist ASTR Review

Find out what physical therapist is saying about ASTR course and treatment https://advancedsofttissuerelease.com/ Tanmeet is a practicing physical therapist, originally rom India, but moved to the United States in 2015. She used basic physical therapy strategies and stretching techniques on her pat...

Physical Therapist ASTR Review
Physical Therapist ASTR Review

Check out what physical therapist saying about ASTR treatment and training https://advancedsofttissuerelease.com/ Lisa Kwan, a physical therapist who’s been practicing for 18 years gave us her thoughts on ASTR treatment. She said she was very pleasantly surprised by what ASTR had to offer. She wa...

2 Years of Trigger Finger Released in Minutes
2 Years of Trigger Finger Released in Minutes

Find out how trigger finger can be relieved in minutes https://advancedsofttissuerelease.com/ Sherwin, a practicing physical therapist, had been suffering from trigger finger for 2 years. In the mornings he would have pain, on a scale from 1 to 10, around an 8. He practiced physical therapy on hims...

Dr. Ebert ASTR Review (Practicing in Germany)
Dr. Ebert ASTR Review (Practicing in Germany)

Dr. Ebert came all the way to California from Germany just to expand his knowledge on the “magic” ASTR treatment had to offer. Through attending the ASTR classes Dr. Ebert was sold on the holistic approach of the treatment and satisfactory results it’s been receiving. He claims that ASTR is de...

2 Years of Debilitating Lower Back Pain Resolved in Minutes
2 Years of Debilitating Lower Back Pain Resolved in Minutes

Andre came in with debilitating lower back pain. He felt sharp, pins and needles type of pain in his lower back whenever he sat down. Driving became difficult for him because he would have to stop and stand after as little as 40 minutes of extended sitting. After just a few minutes with ASTR his pai...

Knee Pain Eliminated with ASTR
Knee Pain Eliminated with ASTR

Sophia came in with a lot of knee pain that started about three weeks earlier. She had a history of a torn ACL back in 2010 which subsided with surgery until this episode of knee pain came about again. Sophia had trouble with extension of the leg, feeling the pain of the inside part of the knee.  ...

10+ Years of Neck Pain Relieved in Minutes
10+ Years of Neck Pain Relieved in Minutes

Over the last 10 years, Chris went through 5 surgeries for herniated disks in his neck. Each surgery showed little improvement and this has caused him to have little range of motion in his neck. He also had tingling in his arm and fingers. He received treatment from chiropractors and physical thera...

8 Months of Iliotibial Band Syndrome Pain Relieved in Minutes
8 Months of Iliotibial Band Syndrome Pain Relieved in Minutes

Manuel came in with an over-stretched IT band that left him with a lot of tightness and pain for the last 8 months. He struggled to sit either cross-legged or on the floor for long periods of time. Through just minutes of ASTR treatment we were able to relieve some of this tightness to the point whe...

Lifetime of Back Tightness Relieved in Minutes
Lifetime of Back Tightness Relieved in Minutes

Find out how lifetime back tightness was relieved quickly https://advancedsofttissuerelease.com/ Jen came in with an extremely tight back and tight hamstrings. The pain tightness would sometimes get so bad it’d reach a level of numbness down her legs. The tightness which reached a high of an 8 ou...

1+ Years Golfer's Elbow Pain Relieved In Minutes
1+ Years Golfer's Elbow Pain Relieved In Minutes

Find out how golfer's elbow pain can be relieved quickly https://advancedsofttissuerelease.com/ Alright Chris tell me what’s going on with your elbow. The problem is the tendonitis in my inner elbow. I have pain when I use it for say curls or any kind of motion pulling up, stuff like that. How lo...

Strained MCL Pain Relieved in Minutes!
Strained MCL Pain Relieved in Minutes!

Advanced Soft Tissue Release (ASTR) https://advancedsofttissuerelease.com/ Omar came in for knee pain from an MCL sprain due to a bad twist. Initially he started with a a pain scale of 8 out of ten. Throughout a quick single session his pain had subsided down to a 1 or 2. https://astrinstitute.c...

Hip Returned Near Full Range of Motion in Minutes!
Hip Returned Near Full Range of Motion in Minutes!

Check out how hip pain can be relieved very fast https://advancedsofttissuerelease.com/ Hello everyone, my name is Dr. Jacobs, I’m a doctor of physical therapy and I’m also the inventor of advanced soft tissue release, (ASTR specialty). I am a cancer survivor and I used to suffer from chronic ...

10+ Years of Shoulder Pain Relieved in 1 ASTR Session (Total Shoulder Replacement)
10+ Years of Shoulder Pain Relieved in 1 ASTR Session (Total Shoulder Replacement)

Check out how chronic shoulder pain can be relieved in one session https://advancedsofttissuerelease.com/ 0:24 What’s going on with both of your shoulders? Well I had total replacements on both shoulders. Both shoulders? When did you have that? 07 and 08. 07 and 08. And what happened after that, ...

Shoulder Returned Near Full Range of Motion in Minutes!
Shoulder Returned Near Full Range of Motion in Minutes!

Check out how shoulder pain can be relieved very fast https://advancedsofttissuerelease.com/ Hello everyone my name is Dr. Jacobs, I’m a doctor of physical therapy and I’m also the inventor of advanced soft tissue release, (ASTR specialty). I am a cancer survivor and I used to suffer from chroni...

Pain Free Shoulder Movement After One Treatment!
Pain Free Shoulder Movement After One Treatment!

Find out how shoulder pain can be relieved in minutes https://advancedsofttissuerelease.com/ Alright, tell me what’s going on with your shoulder, what happened? What happened? So my shoulder hurts when I reach high, and when I try to go back like that. When I try to push something it hurts. Okay ...

Neck Pain for 5 Years Relieved Before You Know It!
Neck Pain for 5 Years Relieved Before You Know It!

Check out how Mike neck pain was relieved https://advancedsofttissuerelease.com/ Hello everyone my name is Dr. Jacobs, I’m a doctor of physical therapy and I’m also the inventor of advanced soft tissue release (ASTR specialty). I am a cancer survivor and I used to suffer from chronic migraines,...

Effective Hand Pain Relief Treatment
Effective Hand Pain Relief Treatment

Check out how hand pain can be relieved quickly https://advancedsofttissuerelease.com/ 0:24 Alright Dan, tell me what’s going on with your thumb. My joint in the corner of my thumb and my index finger feels like it has a nodule on it. And my thumb doesn’t flex anymore. It’s starting to affect ...

Satisfied Patient’s 2 Year Follow-Up with ASTR Results
Satisfied Patient’s 2 Year Follow-Up with ASTR Results

Check out what Scott is saying about ASTR treatment https://advancedsofttissuerelease.com/ 0:00 Hello Everyone my name is Dr. Jacobs. I’m a doctor of physical therapy, and I’m also the inventor of Advanced Soft Tissue Release (ASTR specialty). I am a cancer survivor and I used to suffer from c...

16 Years of Hip Pain Relieved with ASTR!
16 Years of Hip Pain Relieved with ASTR!

Check out how chronic hip can be relieved https://advancedsofttissuerelease.com/ 0:00- Hello Everyone my name is Dr. Jacobs. I’ma doctor of physical therapy, and I’m also the inventor of Advanced Soft Tissue Release (ASTR specialty). I am a cancer survivor and I used to suffer from chronic mi...

Total Knee Replacement Range of Motion Increased Quickly!
Total Knee Replacement Range of Motion Increased Quickly!

Check out how range of motion can be increased quickly https://advancedsofttissuerelease.com/ 0:00 Hello Everyone my name is Dr. Jacobs. I’ma doctor of physical therapy, and I’m also the inventor of Advanced Soft Tissue Release (ASTR specialty). I am a cancer survivor and I used to suffer fr...

Chronic Shoulder Pain Relieved in Minutes!
Chronic Shoulder Pain Relieved in Minutes!

Find out how chronic shoulder pain can be relieved https://advancedsofttissuerelease.com/ 0:08 Hello everyone my name is Dr. Jacobs, I’m a doctor of physical therapy and I’m also the inventor of advanced soft tissue release, (ASTR specialty). I am a cancer survivor and I used to suffer from ch...

Stroke Induced Leg Pain Relieved Before You Know It!
Stroke Induced Leg Pain Relieved Before You Know It!

Check out how chronic leg pain was relieved with ASTR https://advancedsofttissuerelease.com/ 0:00 Hello Everyone my name is Dr. Jacobs. I’ma doctor of physical therapy, and I’m also the inventor of Advanced Soft Tissue Release (ASTR specialty). I am a cancer survivor and I used to suffer from...

Hand Stiffness Relieved Before Your Eyes!
Hand Stiffness Relieved Before Your Eyes!

Find out how hand stiffness can be relieved quickly https://advancedsofttissuerelease.com/ 2 Years of Hand Stiffness Relieved Before Your Eyes 0:07 Hello Everyone my name is Dr. Jacobs. I’ma doctor of physical therapy, and I’m also the inventor of Advanced Soft Tissue Release (ASTR specialty...

10 Years of Migraine Relieved Before Your Eyes!
10 Years of Migraine Relieved Before Your Eyes!

Find out how chronic migraine can be relieved https://advancedsofttissuerelease.com/ 0:00- Hello everyone my name is Dr. Jacobs, I’m a doctor of physical therapy and I’m also the inventor of advanced soft tissue release, ASTR specialty, I am a cancer survivor and I used to suffer from chronic m...

Severe Knee Pain Relieved Right Before Your Eyes
Severe Knee Pain Relieved Right Before Your Eyes

Find out how knee pain can be relieved https://advancedsofttissuerelease.com/ 0:00- Hello everyone my name is Dr. Jacobs, I’m a doctor of physical therapy and I’m also the inventor of advanced soft tissue release, ASTR specialty, I am a cancer survivor and I used to suffer from chronic migrain...

“Unbelievable!” Neck Pain Relief Treatment!
“Unbelievable!” Neck Pain Relief Treatment!

Check out how Ron neck pain was relieved https://advancedsofttissuerelease.com/ Ron tell what’s going on with your neck? So right now, I’m feeling pain towards my left side of my neck and to my shoulder. Usually when I turn to the left I feel like a strong pinch and it hurts In the trap area ...

Chronic Collarbone Pain Relieved Before Your Eyes!
Chronic Collarbone Pain Relieved Before Your Eyes!

Check out how ASTR can relieve clavicle pain https://ASTRinstitute.com/ Alright Sharon tell me whats going on with your neck Oh well, I just pulled it one night and I felt burning in this clavicle area and then after that every time i would do things that would kind of use these muscles right here, ...

The Best Neck Pain Relief Treatment
The Best Neck Pain Relief Treatment

Check out how ASTR can relieve neck pain https://ASTRinstitute.com/ 0:26 ok ray tell me what’s going on with your neck. I’m feeling stiffness in my shoulders and in the back of my neck and on the sides here and it aches sometimes. How much pain do you feel there at worse from 0 to 10. 5. 5? wou...

Best Treatment for Chronic Pain Radio Interview with Dr. Jacobs!
Best Treatment for Chronic Pain Radio Interview with Dr. Jacobs!

Learn how you can bring fast & pain-free relief to your patients by learning more about ASTR! https://advancedsofttissuerelease.com/ Join in on a discussion about Advanced Soft Tissue Release (ASTR), a new form of physical therapy that brings us pain-free and lasting results! Creator of ASTR, Docto...

The Best Thoracic Outlet Syndrome Treatment!
The Best Thoracic Outlet Syndrome Treatment!

Find out How to relieve thoracic outlet syndrome naturally https://advancedsofttissuerelease.com/ 0:00 Hello everyone my name is Dr. Jacobs, I’m a doctor of physical therapy and I’m also the inventor of advanced soft tissue release, ASTR specialty, I am a cancer survivor and I used to suffer ...

50+ Years of Neck Pain Relieved Before Your Eyes!
50+ Years of Neck Pain Relieved Before Your Eyes!

Find out how chronic pain can be relieved with ASTR https://ASTRinstitute.com/ 50+ Years of Neck Pain Controlled with ASTR 0:00 – Hello everyone my name is Dr. Jacobs, I’m a doctor of physical therapy and I’m also the inventor of advanced soft tissue release, ASTR specialty, I am a cancer surv...

Headaches Relieved by Physical Therapist from Australia with ASTR Training
Headaches Relieved by Physical Therapist from Australia with ASTR Training

Check how Vinh tension headache was relieved https://advancedsofttissuerelease.com/ PT from Australia relieves headaches with ASTR training 0:00 Hello everyone my name is Dr. Jacobs, I’m a doctor of physical therapy and I’m also the inventor of advanced soft tissue release, ASTR specialty, I am...

Chronic Back Pain From Multiple Accidents Relieved With ASTR!
Chronic Back Pain From Multiple Accidents Relieved With ASTR!

Check out how DJ experienced pain relief https://advancedsofttissuerelease.com/ my lower back, is sciatic. I have scar tissue buildup. Its from the sciatic up toward the mid torso. So you feel it in the piriformis and the buttocks area. Yes, From the falls that I’ve had. I’ve had like 3 falls w...

1 Year of Tennis Elbow Relieved Before Your Eyes!
1 Year of Tennis Elbow Relieved Before Your Eyes!

Find out how Mike elbow pain was relieved https://advancedsofttissuerelease.com/ 0:00 Alright Mike tell me what’s going on with your elbow So pain in this left elbow down towards the back of the joint down my forearm and kind up the back of my tricep, little bit difficult with extension. Trouble ...

Firsthand a Treatment that Relieves Migraines!
Firsthand a Treatment that Relieves Migraines!

Find out how Keri experience headache relief https://advancedsofttissuerelease.com/ 0:00 Alright Keri tell me whats going on with your migraine I’m getting migraines several times a week and I’m getting bad symptoms from them and possibly causing stress So how long has this been going on? Since...

5 Years of Headaches Relieved!
5 Years of Headaches Relieved!

Find out how 5 years of headaches was relieved https://advancedsofttissuerelease.com/ Hi Everybody, my name is Dr. Jacobs, Doctor of physical therapy I’m also the inventor of Advance Soft Tissue release (ASTR). I’m a Cancer survivor and I use to suffer from chronic fatigue, migraines, headaches...

Almost Doubles Range of Motion After 1 ASTR Treatment!
Almost Doubles Range of Motion After 1 ASTR Treatment!

Find out how clavicle fracture pain was relieved https://advancedsofttissuerelease.com/ Ok broke my clavicle fell because of a seizure but now my shoulder is hurting a lot because of that so how much pain from 0 - 10, 10 is emergency room at worse 5 or 6, 5 or 6, sometimes 7 especially when I sleep...

Dr. Fougner ASTR Review! (Practicing in Sweden)
Dr. Fougner ASTR Review! (Practicing in Sweden)

Find out what Dr. Fougner is saying about ASTR https://advancedsofttissuerelease.com/ Dr. Fougner ASTR Review 0:01 “So what’s your name?” “My name is Nicholas Fougner.” “And Nicholas, where are you from?” “I’m from Stockholm, Sweden.” “You flew a long way to meet Dr. Jaco...

 

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